Taggad: openGLAM

Nytt år och nya K-samsökspartners!

Vi är så glada över att börja 2020 och det nya decenniet med att välkomna hela fyra nya partnerns till K-samsök. Tack vare Bild Linköping, Grenna museum, Hemslöjden och Köpings museum har över 43 000 nya objekt gjorts tillgängliga till en bred publik.

Över 13 000 objekt från samhällsmiljöer och människor i Linköping från Bild Linköping kan du nu titta på i Kringla. Ögonblicksbilder från högtider och bemärkelsedagar, men också vardagsmiljöer med människor och arkitektur.

Tre kvinnor sitter och huk och spänner långbågar.
Kvinnliga bågskyttar på Folkungavallen. Bild Linköping, Public Domain

De 7000 objekten från Grenna museum – Andréexpeditionen Polarcenter visar allt från vardagslivet i Gränna med omnejd till ett stort antal kabinettsfotografier. Och givetvis finns en skatt av bilder från Salomon August Andrées liv och äventyr.

Två människor framför en luftballong som ligger på sidan i snö.
Örnen har landat. K Fraenkel till vänster och S A Andrée till höger. Retuscherad version av gm.II-24. Grenna museum, Public Domain

Från Hemslöjden, Svenska Hemslöjdsföreningarnas Riksförbund, kan du botanisera i en otrolig textil handarbetsskatt. Det finns material från Zickermans studiesamling som består av 12 000 delvis handkolorerade bilder som visar allmogetextil samt vävprover och ett stort antal halskläden i svartstick, så kallade tupphalskläden.

Broderad kudde i klara färger.
Kudde med fritt broderi. Hemslöjden. CC BY Zickerman, Lilli

Över 7000 objekt, varav två tredjedelar med fotografier, delar nu Köpings museum med oss alla via K-samsök. Du kan här hitta fotografier från miljöer i Köping och Västmanland, men också många porträtt samt arkeologiska föremål.

Nedbrunna hus i en stadsmiljö med en kyrka synlig i horisonten.
Foto från gamla Västra Långgatan efter en lokal brand 6 juli 1886. Köpings museum, Public Domain

Vad är K-samsök?

K-samsök är ett verktyg för kulturarvsinstitutioner och organisationer som vill tillgängliggöra sin data för en bredare publik. Det fungerar som en kopplingsdosa mellan institutionernas databaser och de aktörer som vill använda informationen i egna tillämpningar, t.ex. på webbplatser eller i mobila tjänster. Informationen skördas upp till K-samsök och sparas ner i ett index. Via ett öppet API (Application Programming Interface) kan utvecklare bygga e-tjänster mot olika målgrupper. All data som levereras till K-samsök kan du hitta via söktjänsten Kringla.

Leverera till K-samsök

Att leverera till K-samsök är enkelt. Om ni idag använder Carlotta, Primus eller Sofie 8 så kontaktar ni er systemleverantör för att komma igång. Om ni använder ett annat system behöver en lokal teknisk port byggas.

Genom K-samsök vill vi att det ska bli enklare för fler att få tillgång till och dra nytta av den kulturarvsinformation som finns samlad i databaser runt om i Sverige! Läs mer på raa.se/ksamsok.

Caring about the aftermath of sharing open data

A review of the 2019 Stockholm edition of the Sharing is Caring conference.

Sharing is Caring is a conference series on open cultural heritage data. Since the first event brought together professionals from all across Europe in Copenhagen in 2011, extensions have taken place in several European cities. On 16 and 17 September 2019, the Nationalmuseum and the Royal Armoury organised the event in Stockholm with the theme “Open Data – now what? Applying principles of openness and collaboration in strategy and practice”. The learning and insights gained during these two days can be valuable pieces of advice for the sector, shared and discussed by colleagues from around the world. Let me share my personal top 5 with you.

Your data is your core value

Whatever you or others want to create from your data, from curated content on your institution’s website or social media channels to Virtual Reality experiences based on your 3D models: It all depends on the quality and licensing of your data. You can start small and learn as you go – but prepare for working continuously on your data. As Loic Tallon, former CDO of the Metropolitan Museum, put it: “Do the fundamentals brilliantly.” Your data will never be perfect (it simply can’t with technology evolving and standards shifting) – but if you prioritise your data quality and sharing with open licenses over a growing number of platforms and media, your overall success in reaching your defined goals will increase.

Loic Tallon and Susanna Pettersson during his talk on ”Open Data – now what?”; Larissa Borck, CC0

Sharing can lead to your data’s success where you didn’t suspect it

Several speakers shared amazing examples on success and creative re-use of their data where they had not expected it at all. Erik Lernestål from the National Historical Museums in Sweden showed how they got started with basic equipment in creating 3D models of the Hallwyl House. They uploaded them to Sketchfab and shared it openly – and experienced the data being reused all around the world with users re-creating the whole house based on original plans, designing VR tours and hosting virtual community meetings of their avatars in the rooms. Another example by Sandra Fauconnier from the Wikimedia Foundation was the massive increase in views of digitised content after uploading it to Wikimedia Commons: If your object’s digital representation is being used in a Wikipedia article, so many more people will see it and interact with it compared to when you keep it to yourself and on your own website or online collection.

Erik Lernestål with an example of creative reuse of their 3D content; Larissa Borck, CC0.

Don’t shy away from interacting at eye-level

Sharing cultural heritage data with an open license in a high quality goes with letting go of some control (if institutions ever had any is another question). But it is not enough to put your data out there – build partnerships at eye-level so your data is reused. Both Jill Cousins from the Hunt Museum and Loic Tallon shared great insights in how the success of their projects and initiatives is based on relationships to partners outside the institution, ranging from private companies to volunteers from their communities. Going open can be easier when you have partners by your side who cherish your data, give you new perspectives, and enrich your data.

Andrei Taraschuk during his presentation on creating art bots; Larissa Borck, CC0.

Be critical and reflect upon your own data

Your data will not only never reach perfection in terms of data (and metadata) quality – as most cultural heritage collections also include differing amounts of problematic data, reflection on biases and issues like cultural appropriation and alienation is a must. Dr Andrea Wallace from the University of Exeter explained how open licensing can in some cases be harmful: Sharing objects online with an open license that came to your collection under difficult circumstances (for example colonialism or theft) might violate the intentions and wishes of original owners or communities (again). And Sandra Fauconnier, Wikimedia Foundation, explained how movements and projects such as Wikimedia Commons or Wikidata deal with biases that arise from predominantly Western data contributions to for example “Sum of all paintings” that is meant to display cultural heritage worldwide.

Sandra Fauconnier with Wikimedia’s vision on knowledge equity; Larissa Borck, CC0.

Create, fail, learn, repeat

Several speakers pointed out that there needs to be more space for experimenting in open GLAM projects. Trying things out and reiterating when necessary is crucial when you want to discover new ways of adapting technologies and reaching your goals. Although most project funding does not encourage failure and finding new, unexpected ways – being generous with mistakes and product ideas that failed is vital. Be open about the things that did not work out as you expected, so others can learn from them – and don’t feel alone in moments of unexpected need for reorientation.

In a nutshell: The bigger revolution lays ahead

Openness is not enough – that is my conclusion from the Sharing is Caring conference in Stockholm. Or as Dr Karin Glasemann, one of the organisers and Digital Coordinator at the Nationalmuseum, summed it up: “Choosing an open license and releasing your collection is only the start for a much bigger revolution that comes afterwards.” You have to continue working on and with your data, build sustainable partnerships, reach out to your communities and audiences, enable re-use and be critical on the biases in your collection. The good thing is: The community around the open GLAM movement is there to help; reach out to us and ask for help or feedback.

Further information on the conference page (this is also where you are going to find recordings of the conference).

Follow the discussion under the hashtag #ShareCareX on Twitter, including my more detailed notes in this thread.